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Edom, or Idumea as the Greeks named it, were the descendants of Esau. Edom means Red on account of Esau's natural complexion. Edom was located south of the kingdom of Judah, mostly in the Negev, and shared a common border. To the northeast was the territory of Moab and to the south was what it today called the Guld of Aqaba. This area was home to the Horites before the Edomites destroyed them and inhabited the land.